Treatment Options for Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Treatment Options for Pelvic Organ Prolapse

There are several types of Pelvic Organ Prolapse, including cystocele, urethrocele, and rectocele. Additionally, uterine prolapse is a condition where the uterus drops into the vagina. Women can have pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and not even realize it, because it does not always have symptoms and it does not always require medical care.

In many cases, women do know about this condition, but since they are not in any pain or discomfort, they may decide not to go to a doctor. Most often, when POP shows symptoms and causes discomfort or pain, a woman will seek help from a urologist. Some symptoms include unusual pressure in the pelvic area, leg pain and low back pain.

Pelvic Organ Prolapse Treatment

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What Causes POP?

This condition is caused by damage or illness in the pelvic area that has caused a hernia and/or has resulted in the pelvic organs descending.  Age and sexual activity can be a factor, and more women who have had a vaginal delivery seem to require treatment during their lifetime for this condition than others. If symptoms have worsened and are now causing a problem, then see a urologist for treatment options. Bladder and bowel functions can be affected and pain during intercourse is often reported.

Ways to Treat Pelvic Organ Prolapse

If you’ve noticed pain during sex, bowel or bladder functions, then this may indicate the need to see a doctor. There are very effective non-surgical treatments to treat the pain and other symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse. A removable device known as a pessary can be placed in the vagina to support areas that need it. Your doctor may also recommend kegel exercises, which can strengthen the pelvic floor muscles. Regular exercising, daily walks and other lifestyle changes can also help in some cases.

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Importance of Early Detection

In cases where bladder, rectal, or the uterine bulges into the vagina, a patient may experience incontinence, but new surgical options can help. If you feel at risk for developing pelvic organ prolapse, then ask your doctor to routinely screen for it. Early detection can help those at risk to begin preventative measures right away.

 Pelvic Organ Prolapse Treatment